The video was commissioned by the South African Human Rights Commission.
It was created by production house TiNT Post in order to depict the all of the events in a strict chronological order as determined by time stamps on source material including media and police footage.
Among others, the video determined police rolled out barbed wire at “scene one” well after the miners in the “lead group” moved from the koppie towards Nkaneng. Police claimed the barbed wire had been formed to create a barrier between themselves and the miners.
Shortly before the shooting, a police armoured vehicle blocked the miners’ access to the road to Nkaneng. They were forced to move around a cattle kraal on the only route left open. Police guided the miners to the right of the kraal, creating a channel that led them towards the Tactical Response Team officers who fired shots at them minutes later.
Expert analysis determined 37 miners got around the corner of the kraal where they were fired at with rubber bullets by members of the Public Order Police Unit. These miners were also channelled towards the Tactical Response Team officers.
The video shows the Tactical Response Team failed to fire warning shots into the ground because there were no dust eddies present. This is required by law.
The footage reveals police did not fire teargas before the armoured vehicle closed off access to Nkaneng as they claimed. It showed one water cannon fired about four seconds before the Tactical Response Team opened fire on the miners.
In August 2012, 34 Marikana miners were gunned down by police when a wage strike turned violent at the Lonmin mine. In the days leading up to the massacre, 10 people were killed, including security guards and police officers.
Police claim the miners were armed, and they were attempting to disarm and disperse the protesters who had gathered illegally at the mine.
The Farlam Commission of Inquiry was set up to investigate the circumstances surrounding the deaths of the miners.